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American Groundnut Apios americana 10 Seeds USA Company

American Groundnut Apios americana 10 Seeds USA Company

Regular price $10.99 USD
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Apios americana, commonly known as the American groundnut or Indian potato, is a perennial vine native to eastern North America. It belongs to the Fabaceae family and is valued for its edible tubers, attractive flowers, and nitrogen-fixing properties.

Here are some key features of Apios americana:

Vine: American groundnut is a climbing vine that grows vigorously, often reaching lengths of 6 to 12 feet or more. It produces twining stems with heart-shaped leaves arranged alternately along the stems. The vines climb by wrapping around nearby support structures such as trees, shrubs, or trellises.

Flowers: The flowers of Apios americana are small, fragrant, and purplish-brown in color, resembling miniature pea flowers. They are arranged in clusters along the stems and bloom in mid to late summer, attracting pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

Tubers: The most notable feature of American groundnut is its edible tubers, which are produced underground along the vine's roots. These tubers are elongated, irregularly shaped, and range in size from small to large. They have a starchy texture and a flavor reminiscent of potatoes or sweet potatoes. The tubers can be harvested in the fall once they have reached maturity and are typically cooked or roasted before eating.

Habitat and Growing Conditions: American groundnut is commonly found in moist, low-lying areas such as floodplains, riverbanks, and wet meadows throughout its native range. It prefers rich, well-drained soils and partial to full sunlight. The vine can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soils.

Cultural and Culinary Uses: American groundnut has a long history of use as a food source by Native American tribes and early European settlers. The tubers were traditionally roasted, boiled, or dried for storage and consumed as a starchy vegetable. Today, they are still valued for their culinary versatility and nutritional benefits.

Ecological Benefits: In addition to its edible tubers, American groundnut provides ecological benefits as a nitrogen-fixing plant. It forms symbiotic relationships with nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the soil, which convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that can be used by plants. This helps improve soil fertility and benefits neighboring plants in the ecosystem.

Overall, Apios americana is a valuable and versatile plant species with edible, ornamental, and ecological attributes. Its attractive flowers, edible tubers, and nitrogen-fixing properties make it a welcome addition to gardens, natural landscapes, and food forests. Hardy in zones 3-10.


Growing Instructions for the American Groundnut


  1. Soak the seed in water for several hours. 2. Prepare a mixture of half potting soil and half sand, perlite or vermiculite. Water the mixture so that it is moist but not wet. 3. Put the seeds on the soil. 4. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil. 5. Water the seeds. 6. Place the pots in an area with warm temperatures in full sun or part shade. 7. When the seedlings are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted.


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