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Bitter Melon Balsam Pear Momordica charantia 50 Seeds USA Company

Bitter Melon Balsam Pear Momordica charantia 50 Seeds USA Company

Regular price $10.99 USD
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Momordica charantia, commonly known as bitter melon or bitter gourd, is a tropical and subtropical vine belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family, which also includes cucumbers, pumpkins, and squash. Here's a description of its key features:

Appearance: Bitter melon has a distinctive appearance with oblong or elongated fruit that is typically about 10 to 30 centimeters (4 to 12 inches) in length. The skin is rough and bumpy, ranging in color from light green to dark green. When sliced open, the fruit reveals a central cavity filled with seeds and a pale, spongy membrane.

Flavor: As the name suggests, bitter melon has a notably bitter taste, which can vary in intensity depending on the ripeness of the fruit and the cooking method used. The bitterness is caused by compounds known as cucurbitacins, which are present in the fruit.

Nutritional Profile: Bitter melon is low in calories and carbohydrates but rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It is particularly high in vitamin C, vitamin A, folate, and potassium. Additionally, bitter melon contains bioactive compounds such as charantin, which may have potential health benefits.

Culinary Uses: Despite its bitter taste, bitter melon is widely used in culinary traditions around the world, especially in Asian, Indian, and Caribbean cuisines. It is often cooked in stir-fries, curries, soups, and stews, where its bitterness can add depth and complexity to dishes. Bitter melon can also be pickled or stuffed and is sometimes juiced for its potential health benefits.

Medicinal Uses: Bitter melon has a long history of use in traditional medicine for various health conditions, including diabetes, digestive disorders, and infections. Some research suggests that bitter melon may help regulate blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and support weight management, although more studies are needed to confirm these effects.

Cultivation: Bitter melon is a warm-season crop that thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. It requires well-drained soil, ample sunlight, and regular watering to grow successfully. The vines can be trained to climb on trellises or allowed to sprawl along the ground.

Growing Instructions

The seeds have a hard seed coat that has to be treated, or scarified, in order for water to enter the seeds so that they can sprout.

  1. To scarify the seeds, nick or sand the seed coat with sandpaper.
  2. Soak the seeds in water for several hours.
  3. Sow the seeds in pots with a rich, well drained potting soil or sow the seeds outdoors in an area with good drainage. Bitter melon grows best in rich, sandy or loamy soils. Cover the seeds with a layer of soil.
  4. Water the seeds.
  5. Install a trellis or other support structure beside your bitter melon vines. The vines will climb on and be supported by a trellis. An alternative is to insert bamboo poles, metal pipes or wood stakes in the soil by each plant, and connect those structures to each other with string or wire, which will support the climbing vines. The vines develop lateral shoots two to three weeks after sprouting.
  6. Fertilize the plants when they have several leaves and then fertilize them every few weeks. during the growing season.



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