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Bitter Melon Balsam Pear Momordica charantia 10 Seeds USA Company

Bitter Melon Balsam Pear Momordica charantia 10 Seeds USA Company

Regular price $6.99 USD
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Momordica charantia, commonly known as bitter melon, bitter gourd, or balsam pear, is a tropical and subtropical vine in the family Cucurbitaceae, widely cultivated for its fruit, which is valued for its unique bitter flavor and potential health benefits. Here are some key points about Momordica charantia:

Appearance: Bitter melon fruit typically resembles a small cucumber or gourd, with a distinctive warty exterior. The fruit's color ranges from green to yellow-orange when ripe, and its flesh contains numerous seeds.

Culinary Uses: Despite its bitter taste, bitter melon is a popular ingredient in various cuisines, particularly in Asia, where it is used in stir-fries, soups, curries, and salads. Cooking methods such as blanching, stir-frying, or pickling can help reduce its bitterness.

Nutritional Content: Bitter melon is low in calories but rich in nutrients. It contains vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Additionally, bitter melon is high in dietary fiber.

Health Benefits: Bitter melon has long been used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments, including diabetes, digestive issues, and infections. Modern research suggests that compounds found in bitter melon, such as charantin, vicine, and polypeptide-p, may have hypoglycemic effects, helping to regulate blood sugar levels.

Medicinal Uses: In addition to its potential benefits for diabetes management, bitter melon has been studied for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. It is also believed to support immune function and promote liver health.

Cultural Significance: Bitter melon is not only valued for its culinary and medicinal properties but also holds cultural significance in many regions where it is cultivated. It features prominently in traditional festivals, folklore, and traditional medicine practices.

 

Growing Instructions

 

The seeds have a hard seed coat that has to be treated, or scarified, in order for water to enter the seeds so that they can sprout.

 

  1. To scarify the seeds, nick or sand the seed coat with sandpaper.
  2. Soak the seeds in water for several hours.
  3. Sow the seeds in pots with a rich, well drained potting soil or sow the seeds outdoors in an area with good drainage. Bitter melon grows best in rich, sandy or loamy soils. Cover the seeds with a layer of soil.
  4. Water the seeds.
  5. Install a trellis or other support structure beside your bitter melon vines. The vines will climb on and be supported by a trellis. An alternative is to insert bamboo poles, metal pipes or wood stakes in the soil by each plant, and connect those structures to each other with string or wire, which will support the climbing vines. The vines develop lateral shoots two to three weeks after sprouting.
  6. Fertilize the plants when they have several leaves and then fertilize them every few weeks. during the growing season.

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