The Buckwheat tree is an evergreen tree that is native to the swamps of the deep south. It grows in wet flatwoods, swamps and along streams and ponds. It is a crooked, multi-stemmed tree. It forms thickets of gnarled, twisted trees. It is related to more familiar plants like the sweetspire and the rhododendron. It has unusual fruits that are very different from the fruits of other plants that it is related to. Most of those plants have fruits that are berries or capsules, but the buckwheat tree has unique, 3-winged fruits that resemble fruits of the unrelated buckwheat plant. The fruits aree in long, pendant clusters and the plants often produce a multitude of fruits. It likes full to part shade and moist to wet, sandy soils. Hardy in zones 7-10.
Growing Instructions for the Buckwheat Tree
The seeds have a period of dormancy. They can be planted outdoors in the fall or winter for spring germination or they can be cold stratified to simulate winter conditions and to break their dormancy at any time of the year. 1. Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours. 2. Put the seeds in a ziplock bag. 3. Put the bag in the refrigerator and leave it there for 2 months. 4. The seeds like moist soil. Prepare a mixture of half potting soil and half sand, perlite or vermiculite. 5. Put the soil in a pot. 6. Sow the seeds on the soil. 7. Cover the seeds with a layer of soil that is ¼ of an inch thick. 7. Water the soil. 8. When the seedlings are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted.