The Sudan Gum Arabic tree is a small, deciduous thorn tree that is native to Africa and Asia. It is the main source of high quality gum arabic, a plant resin that is used in foods, crafts and as a cosmetic. A. Senegal grows on rocky hills and in savannas. It has a broad, umbrella-shaped canopy and feathery, compound leaves. Leaves are light blue-green with many small leaflets. Small, fragrant, white flowers are in long, narrow clusters in the leaf axils. The resin is extracted from the trunks and branches of the trees. It can grow up to 60 feet in height. It is drought tolerant. Hardy in zones 10-11.
1. Scarify the seeds by nicking or sanding the seed coat.
2. Soak the seeds in water for several hours.
3. Put a mixture of potting soil and sand or perlite into a pot with drainage holes in the base. The soil should be moist and well-drained.
4. Sow the seeds on the soil.
5. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil.
6. Water the seeds. Keep the soil moist but not wet.
7. When the plants are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted.