Dwarf Hawthorn  Native Shrub  10 Seeds  Crataegus uniflora
Dwarf Hawthorn  Native Shrub  10 Seeds  Crataegus uniflora
Dwarf Hawthorn  Native Shrub  10 Seeds  Crataegus uniflora

Dwarf Hawthorn Native Shrub 10 Seeds Crataegus uniflora

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Crataegus uniflora, commonly known as the dwarf hawthorn or the one-flowered, is a species of hawthorn native to North America. It belongs to the Rosaceae family, which includes many other fruit-bearing plants like apples, pears, and cherries.

Here are some key characteristics and information about Crataegus uniflora:

Appearance: Crataegus uniflora is a small deciduous shrub or tree that typically grows to a height of 1 to 4 meters (3 to 13 feet). It has simple, alternate leaves that are typically oval-shaped with serrated edges.

Flowers: As the name "one-flowered hawthorn" suggests, this species typically produces solitary white flowers with 5 petals. The flowers are typically about 1 cm (0.4 inches) in diameter and have a simple, understated beauty.

Fruits: The plant produces small, red or orange-red fruits, commonly referred to as haws. These fruits are similar to those produced by other hawthorn species and are typically around 6-9 mm in diameter.

Distribution: Crataegus uniflora is native to North America, particularly in the eastern and central parts of the continent. It can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, meadows, and along streams.

Ecological Role: Like other hawthorn species, Crataegus uniflora provides food and shelter for a variety of wildlife, including birds and small mammals. The fruits are an important food source for many bird species.

Traditional Uses: Some indigenous communities in North America have historically used various parts of the one-flowered hawthorn for medicinal purposes, including treatments for digestive issues and heart-related ailments. However, it's important to note that the use of plants for medicinal purposes should be approached with caution and ideally under the guidance of a knowledgeable practitioner.

Landscape Use: Crataegus uniflora is sometimes used in landscaping for its attractive flowers and fruits. It can also be a valuable addition to wildlife gardens, as it attracts birds and pollinators.

 

Growing Instructions

 

Stratification:

Crataegus species, including Crataegus uniflora, often require a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. To achieve this:

Place the seeds in a plastic bag with some damp sphagnum moss or peat moss.

Seal the bag and store it in the refrigerator for 60-90 days. This simulates winter conditions.

Prepare Seed Trays or Pots:

After stratification, you can plant the seeds. Use seed trays, small pots, or seedling trays filled with a well-draining potting mix. Make sure the containers have drainage holes.

Planting:

Sow the seeds on the surface of the soil or just barely cover them with a thin layer of soil. The seeds are usually small, so do not bury them too deep.

Watering:

Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. You can use a spray bottle to mist the soil's surface to avoid displacing the seeds.

Light and Temperature:

Place the trays or pots in a location with indirect sunlight or partial shade. Crataegus uniflora seedlings prefer cooler temperatures during germination.

Germination:

Germination may take several weeks to a few months. Be patient and keep the soil consistently moist during this period.

Transplanting:

Once the seedlings have grown to a suitable size (usually when they have several leaves and are a few inches tall), you can transplant them into larger containers or directly into your garden. Make sure to choose a location with well-draining soil and full sun to partial shade.