Papaver rhoeas is known by a variety of common names including Flanders poppy, corn poppy, field poppy or common poppy. It is an annual poppy that typically grows to 9-18” tall. It is native to Europe and Asia. This poppy features scarlet red, 4-6 petaled flowers (each to 2” across) on long peduncles, with each flower petal having a distinctive black blotch at the base. Flowers bloom from late spring to mid-summer (June to August) on bristly-hairy stems clad with hairy, coarsely-toothed leaves (to 6” long) which are irregularly pinnate but rarely entire. Bright red is the usual flower color, but sometimes purple and occasionally white flowers appear. Fruit is a light brown capsule. The capsule is on a long stalk. This poppy is the common field poppy of Europe.
The seeds can be sown outdoors in the spring or summer or they can be planted in pots indoors and transplanted outdoors later in the season.
- The seeds like moist, well-drained soil. Prepare a mixture of half potting soil and half sand, perlite or vermiculite. Put the soil in a pot. Water the mixture so that it is moist but not wet.
- Sow the seeds on the soil.
- Water the seeds.
- Place the pots in an area with warm temperatures in full sun or part shade. Seeds germinate in two weeks.
- When the seedlings are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted.