The Indian Mulberry is not a true mulberry but is instead a member of the Rubiaceae, the same family that contains the coffee plant and the gardenia. It is a small tropical tree that has large, glossy, dark green leaves and small, white flowers. It is widely grown in the tropics for its white, mulberry-like fruits. The fruits are edible and the leaves and fruits are used in a variety of cosmetic and medicinal products. Morinda grows on rocky and sandy beaches and in coastal, tropical forests. It is native to southeastern Asia, Australia and some of the Pacific Islands. It can grow in a variety of soils from sandy and volcanic soils to limestone soils and coral atolls. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant for its evergreen foliage.
- Scarify the seeds by nicking or sanding the seed coat.
- 3. The seeds like moist, well-drained soil. Prepare a mixture of half potting soil and half sand, perlite, sphagnum moss or vermiculite. Put the soil in a pot. Water the mixture so that it is moist but not wet.
- Put the seeds on the soil.
- Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil.
- Water the seeds.
- Place the pots in an area with warm temperatures in full sun or part shade.
- When the seedlings are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted.