Actinidia deliciosa, commonly called kiwifruit, is a vigorous, fast-growing, woody vine which typically grows 20-30' but can fill a 200 sq. ft. trellis in time. Cultivars of this species are now grown commercially in many parts of the world for its fuzzy brown, edible fruits which have become a year-round supermarket staple. Also grown ornamentally for its lustrous, dark green foliage. Slightly fragrant, greenish-white flowers appear on year-old wood in late spring, but are not particularly showy since they are commonly hidden by the foliage. Fruits ripen in early fall (in the size of slightly flattened chicken eggs) and have a tartly sweet taste that is reminiscent of a blend of pineapple, strawberry, melon and banana. This species is dioecious (separate male and female plants), so both male and female plants must be grown in order for proper pollination and fruiting to occur. Grow in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Tolerates light shade. This fast growing vine can be grown both for its beautiful foliage and its fruit. Rapid growth habit makes it suitable for a variety of cover-type uses such as trellises, arbors, patio overheads, fences, or walls.
The seeds germinate quickly once exposed to warm temperatures, however, the germination rate will be greatly increased if the seeds are cold stratified before sowing.
1. Wrap the seeds in a moist paper towel and place it inside a plastic bag.
1. Place the seeds in a plastic bag and seal it. Store the bag in a refrigerator for 3 weeks.
2. Fill a pot with potting soil.
3. Sow the seeds on the soil and cover them with a thin layer of soil.
4. Water the container and leave it to drain.
5. Put the pot in a warm, sunny area. The seeds germinate in 2-3 weeks.
6. Water the pot regularly so that the soil is moist but not wet.
7. The seedlings can be transplanted when they are a few inches tall.