Yellow Poinciana is a fast-growing evergreen tree with a dense, spreading, umbrella-shaped crown. The flowers are yellow. It is a very beautiful and elegant ornamental tree, it is widely cultivated, both for ornament and shade, throughout its natural range, and also in many other areas of the tropics. It usually reaches a height of 15 - 24 meters, although it has been known to reach 50 meters. The straight, cylindrical bole is sometimes buttressed, it can be 50 – 100 cm in diameter. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. It can be grown as a hedge and is also planted as a pioneer species for restoring native woodland. The beautiful golden-yellow flowers may be used as cut flowers. It has a deep root system. It is often planted as a shade tree in plantations in East Asia. Also, it has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria that form nodules in the root and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Flowering commence at four years. The leaves are bipinnate and each leaf is comprised of about 20-40 oval leaflets. The bark produces a yellowish brown dye which is used in the textile industry particularly for dyeing batik products and fishing nets. The wood is used as fuel and as material for constructions, boat building, cabinet making, etc.
- Scarify the seeds by nicking or sanding the seed coat.
- Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours.
- Put a mixture of potting soil and sand or perlite into a pot with drainage holes in the base.
- Sow the seeds on the soil.
- Cover the seeds with a layer of soil that is 0.5 inches thick.
- Water the seeds. Keep the soil moist but not wet.
- When the plants are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted.